Developing effective water policy is troublesome for a number of reasons; first, it has unique physical properties, complex economic characteristics and important cultural features that distinguish it from all other resources. Second, water resource management is administratively complicated because it involves legal, environmental, technological, economic and political considerations. Nonetheless, most policy options are framed and discussed in economic terms. In most societies, political considerations dominate decisions on water resource use, whereas technology policy for safe water using ‘system interventions’ (e.g., policy interventions, institutional innovations, new approaches to shaping the innovation process) has immense importance. Sub themes for Water Sector are:
1. Role of STI for Linking the water sector with the national economy and social policy
2. Technological Intervention in Water sector for universalization of safe drinking water and emerging issues in water management;
3. Economic Polices and Water use in India, Economic organization of the water sector: markets or governments;
4. Policy Issues in Water Sector, Water policies and demand management, Role of Institutions and Property Right;
5. Science, Technology and Innovations for Adaptation, Mitigation and Economic/Financial issues in Water Resource Policy
S&T Policies for sustainable agricultural transformation:Policy for sustainable agricultural transformation for backward areas focusing on small holdings through technological & institutional innovations.
Climate Policy technological versus social innovations: Adaptations against floods in eastern UP and droughts in Bundelkhand region – technological versus social innovations
Energy Access and Inclusive Growth: Policy and regulatory framework for renewable energy technologies through STI interventions, village specific renewable energy technology
Health Inequality and role of Science and Technology: Wide urban-rural gap in the availability of medical services: Inequity – how STI can bridge this gap?
Technology policy for safe water using ‘system interventions’: (e.g., policy interventions, institutional innovations, new approaches to shaping the innovation process)