The agriculture sector has transformed drastically in recent past. There are new challenges for the governance of technology in the agriculture sector. In such situation, policy for sustainable agricultural transformation for backward areas focusing on small holdings through technological and institutional innovations becomes important. Increasing the value of agricultural products through agro-business related processes, agro processing and agricultural research are the other core issues for researcher. Sub themes for Agriculture Sector are as follows:

1. How can agricultural technology be made to work for the poor?
2. What are the implications for technology choice and priority setting mechanisms?
3. How are technology trajectories linked to processes of agrarian/livelihood change in different settings?
4. What should be the roles of public and private sectors (both international and national) in technology development?
5. How is access to technology options constrained? What alternatives exist?
6. How should national/regional innovation systems look to deliver inputs for small farmers?